Rugs and Large rugs which are only produced in, a coastal town in Turkey, 60 km from Istanbul. The raw materials used are silk, wool and cotton and sometimes gold or silver threads.
The king founded the firm for Manufacture in 1841 to produce all the textiles only for his Palace on the Marmara Sea. He gathered the best artists and carpet weavers of his state, where they began producing high quality rugs and large carpets with unique patterns.
After completing work on the Palace, the Ottoman Sultans used to give carpets as gifts to selected visiting royalties, noblemen ,friends, statesmen. It was not until 1890 that some traders in Istanbul were allowed to sell some of the pieces as business purpose. With the end of the Empire the production of carpets was restricted until the middle of the 20th century when some master-weavers in state began once more to produce the carpets in continuation of the tradition of the Carpets.
Carpets are very large, palace sized carpets, and are made with wool , camel hair , silk as well as silk , which are knotted in small sizes. The precision of their double knots make them beautiful, which allows the clear display of patterns, together with the colour combinations and the attractive patterns have made them highly valuable. Today, carpets and rugs are still made with the traditional patterns of old time, as well as both also follow old custom and tradition.
Rug making is an ancient and traditional craft. These are made from Tibetan sheep's wool as the family businesses, and carpet are known as changpel. They use rugs for many purposes like make floor wall to horse saddles, though the most commonly use as a seating carpet. A typical sleeping carpet measurement around 3ftx5ft is called a khaden.